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Robert T. Paine, who passed away on 13 June 2016, is among the most influential people in the history of ecology. He passed away on 11 August 1910 in Waltham, Middlesex, Massachusetts, America. He was a lawyer that received the honorary degree Doctor of Laws from Harvard, he was a teacher and a merchant marine. The Robert Treat Paine Papers. wrote the paper. [10] As a postdoctoral fellow, he worked on the history and energetics of opisthobranchs (marine gastropods). Paine, Robert Treat. In 1770 Robert Treat Paine (RTP, 1731-1814) stood as counsel for the prosecution in the Boston Massacre trials. [6][11], Paine retired in the late 1990s but continued to be active as a professor emeritus at the University of Washington. This university on the rocks produced a steady stream of papers, doctorates, inspiration, and an academic genealogy that spans ecology, evolution, invertebrate biology, mathematical biology, and environmental biology. Some species could be removed without huge effect. 2. The Papers of Robert Treat Paine. Paine married Sally Cobb, the daughter of Thomas and Lydia (née Leonard) Cobb and a sister of General David Cobb, on March 15, 1770. Enter multiple addresses on separate lines or separate them with commas. RTP grew up in Boston as an avid naturalist and bird watcher, and attended Harvard. Trophic cascades are the many changes in species diversity or abundance that ensue when a consumer is removed from an ecosystem (see ref. RTP was a descendent of a celebrated clan in Boston that included Thomas Paine and Robert Treat Paine Sr., a signer of the US Declaration of Independence, as well as the great mathematician George Birkhoff. Ancestor charts showing the family relationships of Robert Treat Paine (1730/31–1814) to other famous people. [20][21] Paine's research helped popularise field manipulation experiments, sometimes called "kick-it-and-see ecology", at a time when field ecologists tended only to observe natural ecosystems. RTP, as he was known, was an emeritus Professor at the University of Washington, where he developed a career that helped define the field of community ecology. [14][15][16] This concept states that an ecosystem may experience a dramatic shift if a keystone species is removed, even though that species was a small part of the ecosystem by measures of biomass or productivity. III: 1774-1777. RTP bounded off his chair and raced into the bush toward the tape player, yelling “Chuck-will’s widow!”—proving both his complete command of bird watching detail and the value of a good, well-placed experiment. RTP taught that great ecological insight could grow out of observing pattern (in the field) and discerning process (experimentally). [4], Paine was born on April 13, 1933,[5] and grew up in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Includes citations for all sources. He was working on papers up until the last few weeks, and even in a weakened state could be roused by interesting natural history or a provocative ecological conjecture. 102763947, citing Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA ; Maintained by Find A Grave … Interred 14 Jul 1965 . Provo, UT: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2005. Almost two decades later, he prosecuted the Shays’s Rebellion treason trials (1786-1787). After a postdoctorate at The Scripps Research Institute in San Diego, California, he took a faculty position at the University of Washington, where he began working on the complex invertebrate communities of the highly productive and species-rich northeastern Pacific intertidal zone. TY - JOUR. [5][11] Others were key to community composition, and without them the communities collapsed. Robert Treat Paine, III..Birth: Dec. 15, 1900 Boston Suffolk County Massachusetts, USA Death: Jul. This person was created on 10 February 2011 through the import of James_s Complete Family Tree.ged. Indeed, RTP was chosen as the Chair—and performed exceptionally effectively—of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Fisheries’ Salmon Recovery Science Review Panel, as well as other committees assessing environmental impacts. [6][8] Upon graduating from the University of Michigan, Paine completed a one-year postdoctoral fellowship at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing can improve the effectiveness of spermatogonial stem cell transplantation in mice and livestock, a study finds. ↑ P. 27 Paine Ancestry: The Family of Robert Treat Paine, Signer of the Declaration of Independence. AU - Kareiva, Peter. Paine was born in Boston, Massachusetts, a descendant of Gov. Robert Treat Paine (1773-1811). To Anna Louisa, on Her Ode to Fancy. Vol. The fundamental changes in communities without stars focused RTP on the role of predators controlling community composition. Robert Treat Paine III was one of the great ecologists of history, whose legacy through research and mentoring reshaped the discipline, and helped it evolve from descriptive natural history to an experimental and quantitative science. It was here that much of his research on keystone species occurred. Robert Treat Paine was a delegate to the provincial convention which discussed the Quartering Act (housing British troops in American homes), and other complaints regarding the current provincial government. [1][A], In 2013, he was awarded the International Cosmos Prize, including a cash prize equivalent to about US$408,000. The Book of the Sonnet His initial graduate work was in paleontology at the University of Michigan, but he became fascinated by ecology in courses led by ecologist Fred Smith, so ended up doing an ecological study of a modern-day brachiopod. Descendants. [1] Paine and his work are featured prominently in the 2018 documentary film The Serengeti Rules. Much of Paine's work at the University of Washington focused on the organization of marine communities. A patriotic judge and politician, Paine was raised by highly religious and respectable parents who imbibed in their children a high regard for moral values and principles. Robert Treat Paine married Lydia Williams Lyman and had 7 children. [20], Paine's research—and the subsequent work of his students—has been very influential in the field of ecology,[1] and he has been called a "giant" of the field. Ever an avid naturalist who paid close attention to the specifics of a bird song or a starfish’s diet, RTP’s best-known contributions were the concepts of keystone species and trophic cascades. 1. Robert Treat "Bob" Paine III (April 13, 1933 – June 13, 2016) was an American ecologist who spent most of his career at the University of Washington. [8], Paine's doctoral research thesis was on the ecology of living brachipods. More Genealogy Tools [8][11], In a noteworthy[12] 1966 paper, Paine described a rocky intertidal ecosystem in Makah Bay in Washington state, where top predator species help maintain biodiversity. The wilderness location without power or running water was nevertheless RTP’s home nearly every low tide all summer for decades. Astronomers thought they’d finally figured out where gold and other heavy elements in the universe came from. Keystone species have effects on communities or ecosystems that are much larger than their abundances would suggest. Robert Paine III, M.D. Robert T. Paine (Bob) passed away on 13 June 2016 with his three daughters gathered around him, only two months after being diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia. 14, 1965 . There, the work of starting, monitoring, and maintaining various intertidal experiments intersected with long conversations about natural history, community ecology, and the more prosaic business of camp housekeeping in the perpetual fog of the outer coast of Washington. Paine coined the keystone species[1][2][3] concept to explain the relationship between Pisaster ochraceus, a species of starfish, and Mytilus californianus, a species of mussel. Paine was an experimentalist, a theoretician, a practitioner, and proponent of the “ecology of place,” and a deep believer in the importance of natural history to ecological understanding. Dr. Robert Paine III, MD is a Pulmonologist in Salt Lake City, UT and has over 40 years of experience in the medical field. [18] In 2000, he founded the Experimental and Field Ecology Fund to support graduate student research;[7] the fund was renamed the Robert T. Paine Experimental & Field Ecology Endowed Fund to mark Paine's 80th birthday. Online ISSN 1091-6490. The idea of trophic cascades was presented in the Tansley Lecture to the British Ecological Society (6). A British cartoonist pictures America as an Indian woman having the Intolerable Acts forced down her throat. Sometimes students learned the experimental method too well, as when a group of us (who hardly knew one bird from another) decided to conduct an experiment on whether RTP could indeed identify birds only by their songs, as he boisterously claimed. He graduated from Wash U, School of Medicine medical school in 1981. Author contributions: S.R.P., J.A.E., P.K., S.A.L., J.L., and M.E.P. Acknowledgements . [1] Ed Yong wrote that "by encouraging independence and prizing fieldwork, Paine mentored an entire generation of superstar ecologists. Image courtesy of Robert Steneck (University of Maine, Orono, ME). Henry III, King of England is in the 18th generation of the family tree for Robert Treat Paine (Ahnentafel #259872). His father, also named Robert, was a curator at the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston and a descendant of Robert Treat Paine… Born in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, America on 28 October 1835 to Charles Cushing Paine and Fanny Cabot Jackson. The caption reads,”The able Doctor, or, America swallowing the Bitter Draught.” Robert Treat Pai… Brian R. Silliman, 1 Peter Kareiva, 2 and Catherine A. Pfister 3. RTP, as he was known, was an emeritus Professor at the University of Washington, where he developed a career that helped define the field of community ecology. ROBERT TREAT PAINE (5), born Mar. 1 for a more detailed synopsis). Robert Treat Paine (March 11, 1731 – May 11, 1814) is an American Founding Father. Robert Treat Paine III. The Papers of Robert Treat Paine book. Robert Treat Paine III was born in Cambridge, Mass., on April 13, 1933. Division of Marine Science and Conservation, Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Beaufort, North Carolina 28516. The authors declare no conflict of interest. Smith. In this, RTP found a simple metric for predation by a large abundant species: By turning over purple sea stars, he could record the diets of hundreds of individuals. Late one evening, we snuck away from our camp and played the sound of a bird known strictly to be from the United States east coast. [17] Paine also coined the term "trophic cascade" to describe the top-down effects that occur in ecosystems when an important species is introduced or removed. PDF | On Oct 1, 2016, Paul K. Dayton and others published Robert Treat Paine III, 1933-2016 | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Robert Treat Paine III passed away June 13 in Seattle surrounded by family and friends. 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